HERNIATED DISC REPAIR
WHAT IS FORAMINAL STENOSIS AND WHAT CAUSES IT?
A foraminal stenosis simply refers to a narrowing of the spaces though which nerves travel. This narrowing may compress or pinch nerves as they leave the spinal column, producing pain and disruption of important nerve functions. The normal aging process is the main cause of foraminal stenosis. Over time, the body’s discs lose their elasticity and can become bulged and/or herniated. A herniation may narrow the spaces in the spine and compress the exiting nerves. Bone spurs (also called osteophytes), arthritis, and ligament thickening may cause foraminal stenosis.
IF I HAVE FORAMINAL STENOSIS, WHAT SYMPTOMS MIGHT I NOTICE?
As a result of the nerve being compressed, a patient might experience numbness, burning, tingling, and or pins-and-needles sensations in their extremities.
WHEN SHOULD I CONSULT WITH A DOCTOR?
A doctor should be consulted when the quality and quantity of pain is affecting your daily activities.
HOW CAN A PHYSICIAN DETERMINE IF I HAVE FORAMINAL STENOSIS?
A foraminal stenosis diagnosis can be suspected when a physician evaluates symptoms and performs a comprehensive physical examination. This diagnosis is confirmed with a MRI or CT scan which reveals additional information about the extent of the problem.
HOW IS A FORAMINAL STENOSIS TREATED?
A foraminal stenosis is first treated with a combination of anti-inflammatory medication, relaxation, epidural steroid injections, physical therapy, and activity modifications. If symptoms cannot be controlled by these options, a minimally invasive surgical procedure may be recommended.